People on a vegan diet may have poorer bone health, a new study has suggested.
In a new study, the bone health of vegans as well as people on a mixed diet was determined by an ultrasound measurement of the heel bone.
The results showed that people on a vegan diet had lower ultrasound values than the other group, indicating poorer bone health.
“A vegan diet is often considered to be health conscious. However, our scientific findings indicate that a vegan diet affects bone health,” said researcher Andreas Hensel of the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, in a press release.
For the study, the team investigated a study involving 72 men and women. The bone health of all participants was assessed at the heel bone level using ultrasound measurements.
Information on age, smoking, education, body mass index, physical activity and alcohol consumption was also collected.
Using a statistical model, the team was able to identify a model of twelve biomarkers that play an important role in bone health from 28 nutritional and bone parameters derived from blood or urine.
It has been shown that in combination with vitamins A and B6, amino acids lysine and leucine, omega-3 fatty acids, selenoprotein P, iodine, thyroid stimulating hormone, calcium, magnesium and protein a-Klotho were positively associated with bone health.
Conversely, lower concentrations of the hormone FGF23 were observed at higher ultrasound levels in this pattern.